Hanoi’s architecture mirrors the city’s – and the country’s – checkered history. Chinese influence, French inspiration, subsidy phase austerity and modern practicalities have resulted in a compelling jumble of mismatched dwellings. One compelling way to absorb the capital’s architecture is through its lovingly converted cafes.

Loading T

Loading T is tucked inside a handsome, century-old colonial villa in the heart of the Old Quarter. The house is an appealing but crumbling example of Indochina-era architecture, with olive-green shutters, rounded balconies and patterned tile flooring. The building was originally built in 1932 and housed just one wealthy family but was appropriated in the 1950s and divided into 16 separate dwellings. Loading T occupies one of these divisions but many of the others remain as family homes.


Hanoi House Cafe

Another hidden architectural gem, Hanoi House is a one-room café exemplifying French-style housing from the early 20th century. The ceiling is high to keep the space cool throughout the summer, and the now-unused fireplace warmed the house in the winter. Mesmerising art deco tiles blanket the floor while two tall windows allow plenty of natural light. One window has been repurposed as a door, giving access to a makeshift balcony. This balcony is the best seat in the house, as you have front-row views of St. Peter’s Cathedral. 



Art Deco architecture took off in the 1930s and 40s, though you’ll find most examples in the French Quarter south of Hoan Kiem Lake. That’s what makes Bancong, a three-floor café nestled in the Old Quarter, so unique. Though records have vanished, the house was probably built by a high-ranking Vietnamese official just before the Second World War. Unlike most buildings in Hanoi’s trading quarter, this large corner house was built only as a residence without any commercial purpose.



Manzi is a contemporary art gallery-cum-cafe with rotating exhibitions. The building is a rare example of a colonial-era detached house that’s maintained its architectural integrity. The house stands almost exactly as it would have done a century ago, though the owners have tastefully white-washed the interior so visitors can focus on the exhibitions. The upper level still has the original floorboards in the front-facing room and charming French windows that bathe the space in natural light. You’ll find more fine colonial buildings on the same street.